chapter outline john chapter one

Chapter Outline: Gospel of John Chapter One

Introduction to Gospel of John – Chapter One

How does one introduce the infinite through the finite? The Gospel of John Chapter One attempts just that, presenting a profound theological exposition on the nature and mission of Jesus Christ, whom John describes as the eternal “Word” made flesh. This chapter not only sets the stage for the entire Gospel but also introduces key themes such as light, life, and divine revelation. Through poetic language and striking imagery, John crafts a narrative that connects the divine to the human, starting with a cosmic perspective and moving to personal interactions between Jesus and his first followers. This introduction invites readers into a deeper understanding of Jesus’ identity and his significance to humanity, setting the tone for a Gospel that continually invites belief in Jesus as the Son of God.

Creating a chapter outline for the Gospel of John Chapter One involves breaking down the chapter into its key sections and highlighting the main themes and events. Here’s a detailed outline:

  1. The Prologue (John 1:1-18)
    • The Word and Creation (1-5): Introduction of the Word (Logos), existing from the beginning with God, and being God. Emphasis on the Word as the source of life and light. (SOAP Bible Study: John 1:1-5)
    • The Testimony of John the Baptist (6-8): Introduction of John the Baptist, sent by God to testify about the light so that all might believe through him. (SOAP Bible Study: John 1:6-8)
    • The True Light (9-13): The coming of the true light into the world, the world’s reaction, and the power to become children of God. (SOAP Bible Study: John 1:9-13)
    • The Word Became Flesh (14-18): The incarnation of the Word, full of grace and truth, and the revelation of God’s glory through Jesus Christ. (SOAP Bible Study: John 1:14-18)
  2. The Ministry of John the Baptist (John 1:19-34)
    • John’s Testimony to the Priests and Levites (19-28): John denies being the Christ, Elijah, or the Prophet, and identifies himself as the voice of one calling in the wilderness. (SOAP Bible Studies: John 1: 19-28)
    • Jesus, the Lamb of God (29-34): John identifies Jesus as the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world and recounts the descent of the Holy Spirit upon Jesus. (SOAP Bible Studies: John 1: 29-34)
  3. The First Disciples (John 1:35-51)
    • The Calling of the First Disciples (35-42): Two of John’s disciples follow Jesus. Simon Peter is introduced to Jesus and receives the name Cephas. (SOAP Bible Studies: John 1: 35-42)
    • The Calling of Philip and Nathanael (43-51): Jesus calls Philip and Nathanael. Nathanael’s skepticism and recognition of Jesus as the Son of God and King of Israel. (SOAP Bible Studies: John 1: 43-51)

This outline highlights the thematic progression from the divine preexistence of Jesus to the beginnings of his earthly ministry and the gathering of his first disciples.


The first chapter of the Gospel of John, as detailed in these free Bible outlines, serves as a foundational introduction to the profound themes and narratives that will be explored throughout this Gospel. These chapter outlines reveal how John masterfully interweaves the divinity of Jesus as the eternal Word with His humanity as he begins His earthly ministry and interaction with his first disciples.

This chapter sets the stage for understanding Jesus’ mission and the transformational impact He will have on all who come to believe in Him. By studying these outlines, readers are better prepared to delve deeper into the subsequent teachings and miracles of Jesus, as recorded by John.

As we continue our journey through the Gospel of John, let us remain committed to studying God’s Word with a heart open to learning and a spirit eager to apply His truths in our lives. Let this be an invitation to explore further, reflect deeply, and grow in our faith. Engage with the full narrative of Jesus as revealed in the Gospel of John, and allow His life and teachings to transform your understanding of God and His purpose for you.