SOAP Bible Study: John 1:19-28

SOAP Bible study is a method that involves Scripture, Observation, Application, and Prayer. It’s a way to delve deeper into the Bible and apply its teachings to one’s life. Let’s apply this method to our SOAP Bible Study: John 1:19-28.


This is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, ‘Who are you?’ He confessed, and did not deny, but confessed, ‘I am not the Christ.’ And they asked him, ‘What then? Are you Elijah?’ He said, ‘I am not.’ ‘Are you the Prophet?’ And he answered, ‘No.’ Then they said to him, ‘Who are you, that we may give an answer to those who sent us? What do you say about yourself?’ He said, ‘I am the voice of one crying out in the wilderness, “Make straight the way of the Lord,” as the prophet Isaiah said.’ Now they had been sent from the Pharisees. They asked him, ‘Then why are you baptizing, if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?’ John answered them, ‘I baptize with water, but among you stands one you do not know, even he who comes after me, the strap of whose sandal I am not worthy to untie.’ These things took place in Bethany across the Jordan, where John was baptizing.” (John 1:19-28)

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In this passage, John the Baptist is interrogated by religious leaders about his identity and mission. John clearly denies being the Messiah, Elijah, or the Prophet that many Jews expected to come. Instead, he identifies himself as a voice preparing the way for the Lord, fulfilling Isaiah’s prophecy. His humble assertion about his unworthiness even to untie the sandal of the one coming after him (Jesus) underscores his role as the forerunner to Christ, not the main event. His baptism with water is symbolic, preparing people to receive the one who would baptize with the Holy Spirit.


John the Baptist‘s example teaches us the importance of knowing our role in God’s plan and executing it with humility. In our lives, we too are called to prepare the way for the Lord, making Him known through our words and actions. This passage challenges us to examine our own identities—are we trying to be someone we’re not, or are we content with the role God has assigned us? Furthermore, John’s emphasis on preparing for someone greater than himself is a call to focus on Christ’s supremacy and our secondary role in God’s work.


Father in Heaven, thank You for the example of John the Baptist, who knew his role and carried it out with humility and conviction. Help me to embrace the role You have given me in Your kingdom. Grant me the humility to serve You faithfully, always pointing others to Jesus rather than seeking my own glory. Teach me to be a clear voice that makes straight the way for the Lord in this wilderness of life. May I support Your work with the clarity and dedication that John showed, knowing that You orchestrate the bigger picture. Amen.

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This study is just the beginning. Let it ignite a deeper desire within you to continue exploring the Scriptures. Each chapter and verse in the Gospel of John is rich with divine revelation waiting to be uncovered. I encourage you to keep studying, keep questioning, and keep seeking the light that Jesus offers. Dive deeper into the free Bible outlines available, engage with the full text, and allow God’s word to continuously transform your heart and mind. Embrace this journey of faith with enthusiasm and let the Word that was in the beginning guide you each step of the way.